List of Open Peer-Reviewed Journals in Biological Science (2024)

List of Top Open Peer-reviewed journals in biological science (2024)

  1. Biology (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  2. Applied Microbiology (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  3. Annual Research & Review in Biology
  4. Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  5. Biomass (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  6. Biomolecules (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  7. Asian Journal of Biology
  8. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology
  9. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
  10. Biosensors (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  11. Current Issues in Molecular Biology (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  12. Asian Journal of Research in Biochemistry
  13. Asian Journal of Research in Botany
  14. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology
  15. Hydrobiology (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  16. International Journal of Plant Biology (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  17. Biotechnology Journal International
  18. International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review
  19. International Journal of Pathogen Research
  20. Journal of Developmental Biology (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  21. Microbiology Research (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  22. Journal of Advances in Microbiology
  23. Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology
  24. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International
  25. Biologics (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  26. International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  27. Microbiology Research Journal International
  28. South Asian Journal of Parasitology
  29. South Asian Journal of Research in Microbiology
  30. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology

What is open peer review?

Open peer review (OPR), where review reports and reviewers’ identities are published alongside the articles, represents one of the last aspects of the open science movement to be widely embraced, although its adoption has been growing since the turn of the century (Wolfram etal., 2020) . Open peer review refers to various modifications of the traditional scholarly peer review process. These modifications aim to address perceived shortcomings of the conventional system. Here are the three common forms of open peer review:

  1. Open Identities:
  • In open peer review, authors and reviewers are aware of each other’s identities. Unlike traditional peer review, where reviewers remain anonymous to anyone but the journal’s editors, open peer review allows transparency by revealing reviewer names to authors.
  • However, reviewer identities may or may not be disclosed to the public.
  1. Open Reports:
  • Under this model, review reports are made public, rather than being confidentially shared only with the article’s authors. This includes publishing not only the reviewers’ comments but also the authors’ responses and editors’ recommendations.
  • Typically, this applies to articles accepted for publication, not those that are rejected. 
  1. Open Participation:
  • In open peer review, self-selected reviewers (beyond invited experts) can comment on an article. The assumption is that the article’s content is openly accessible.
  • These self-selected reviewers may contribute either brief comments or comprehensive reviews.
  • The text of the article is openly available, allowing broader community participation in the review process.

The adoption of open peer review aims to enhance transparency, provide incentives, reduce wastefulness, and address issues like bullying and harassment in scholarly communication.

What are the benefits of Open Peer Review?

Open peer review (OPR) is a transparent process that allows scholarly articles to be evaluated by experts in the field, while also revealing the identities of both authors and reviewers. OPR can improve the quality of research by:

  • Encouraging constructive feedback: Openness in the identities of authors and reviewers can lead to better quality feedback rather than simply rejecting the paper.
  • Reducing bias: Everything is openly available to all, which can reduce the possibility of bias.
  • Empowering authors: Authors can lead the process by suggesting reviewers themselves.
  • Improving accountability: The quality of current scientific publications is at stake.
  • Encouraging collaboration: OPR encourages collaboration and promotes diversity of perspectives, ultimately leading to more robust and credible research outcomes.
  • Providing learning opportunities: OPR places a research work in the context of a discussion, and gives authors, readers and others a chance to better understand the process from the initial manuscript submission to final published version.
  • Exposing possible conflicts of interest: OPR may help to expose possible conflicts of interest in some cases.

Adoption of OPR by publishers (Wolfram etal., 2020) [1]

 A summary of the most prolific publishers contributing to OPR and their headquarters country appears below. Although many journals today attract an international audience and are managed by international teams of researchers, the prevalence of OPR journals associated with publishers based in Europe stands out. Twenty-four of the 38 (63.2%) identified publishers are based in Europe and account for 445 out of the 617 titles (72.1%). Although the publishers are based in Europe, many of the journals they publish may support journals originating from other areas of the world (e.g., Kowsar). Furthermore, 500 of the OPR journals (81.0%) are published by only five publishers (MDPI, SDI, BioMed Central, Frontiers Media S.A., Kowsar). This points to the important role that publishers have played to date in the promotion of OPR (Wolfram etal., 2020) [1].

Publisher OPR journals Percentage of OPR journals (%) Headquarters location
MDPI 204 33.0 Switzerland
SDI 111 18.0 India
BioMed central 70 11.3 United Kingdom
Frontiers media S.A 64 10.4 Switzerland
Kowsar 51 8.3 The Netherlands
Wiley 40 6.5 USA
Copernicus publications 21 3.4 Germany
PLOS 7 1.1 USA
Elsevier 7 1.1 The Netherlands
EMBO press 5 0.8 Germany
Other publishers 37 6.0 11 countries*
Total 617 100.0
  1. *United Kingdom (19 journals), United States (9), Argentina (1), Bulgaria (1), Canada (1), France (1), Germany (1), Ireland (1), Kenya (1), The Netherlands (1), Switzerland (1)

Recent Biggest Discoveries and advances in biological research (2024)

  • Embryo Models: Researchers successfully cultivated “embryo models”—lab-grown artificial embryos that reached more advanced developmental stages than ever before. These models hold promise for unraveling the mysteries of human fetal growth, although ethical debates surround their use [2].
  • Depression Insights: In the field of neuroscience, scientists have shifted away from traditional theories guiding depression research and treatment. New approaches are shedding light on this complex mental health condition [3].
  • Timekeeping Mechanisms: Teams worldwide have explored how organisms keep track of time. Cellular metabolism, orchestrated by the mitochondrion, plays a crucial role in timekeeping. Additionally, specialized proteins engage in a molecular ballet, influencing various biological processes.
  • Asgard Archaea: Biologists have discovered primitive cells called Asgard archaea. These ancient organisms offer insights into early life on Earth and evolution.

These advancements represent significant progress in the field of biological research.


  1. Wolfram, D., Wang, P., Hembree, A. et al. Open peer review: promoting transparency in open science. Scientometrics 125, 1033–1051 (2020).
  2. Chen, Y., & Shao, Y. (2022). Stem cell-based embryo models: en route to a programmable future. Journal of Molecular Biology434(3), 167353.
  3. Kalisch, R., Russo, S. J., & Müller, M. B. (2024). Neurobiology and systems biology of stress resilience. Physiological Reviews.


Last update: 02-May-2024

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