List of Top Open Peer-Reviewed Journals in Medical Science (2024)

List of Top Open Peer-reviewed journals in medical science (2024)

  1. Medicines (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  2. Brain Sciences (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  3. Cancers (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  4. Cells (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  5. Anesthesia Research (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  6. Asian Hematology Research Journal
  7. Asian Journal of Cardiology Research
  8. BMC Digital Health
  9. Asian Journal of Case Reports in Medicine and Health
  10. Asian Journal of Case Reports in Surgery
  11. Computational and Systems Oncology
  12. Asian Journal of Dental Sciences
  13. Asian Journal of Immunology
  14. GigaScience
  15. Asian Journal of Medical Principles and Clinical Practice
  16. Asian Journal of Medicine and Health
  17. Asian Journal of Orthopaedic Research
  18. BioData Mining
  19. Asian Journal of Pediatric Research
  20. Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth
  21. Population Health Metrics
  22. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Endocrinology
  23. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Gastroenterology
  24. BMC Medical Imaging
  25. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Hepatology
  26. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology
  27. BMC Emergency Medicine
  28. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology
  29. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Urology
  30. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
  31. Asian Journal of Research in Dermatological Science
  32. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases
  33. BMC Medical Ethics
  34. Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  35. Asian Journal of Research in Nephrology
  36. Allergies (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  37. Asian Journal of Research in Nursing and Health
  38. Asian Journal of Research in Surgery
  39. Anatomia (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  40. Asian Oncology Research Journal
  41. Asian Research Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  42. Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal
  43. Antibiotics (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  44. European Journal of Medicinal Plants
  45. International Blood Research & Reviews
  46. Advances in Respiratory Medicine
  47. International Journal of Advances in Nephrology Research
  48. International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports
  49. Behavioral Sciences (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  50. Asian Journal of Research in Cardiovascular Diseases
  51. International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry
  52. Biologics (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  53. International Journal of Research and Reports in Gynaecology
  54. International Journal of Research and Reports in Hematology
  55. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health
  56. BioMed (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  57. International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal
  58. International Research Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  59. International Research Journal of Oncology
  60. Biomedicines (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  61. International STD Research & Reviews
  62. Journal of Advances in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  63. BioMedInformatics (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  64. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research
  65. Journal of Cancer and Tumor International
  66. Biomolecules (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)
  67. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research
  68. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International
  69. Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal
  70. BioTech (Optional Open-peer-reviewed)


What is open peer review?

Open peer review (OPR), where review reports and reviewers’ identities are published alongside the articles, represents one of the last aspects of the open science movement to be widely embraced, although its adoption has been growing since the turn of the century (Wolfram etal., 2020) . Open peer review refers to various modifications of the traditional scholarly peer review process. These modifications aim to address perceived shortcomings of the conventional system. Here are the three common forms of open peer review:

  1. Open Identities:
  • In open peer review, authors and reviewers are aware of each other’s identities. Unlike traditional peer review, where reviewers remain anonymous to anyone but the journal’s editors, open peer review allows transparency by revealing reviewer names to authors.
  • However, reviewer identities may or may not be disclosed to the public.
  1. Open Reports:
  • Under this model, review reports are made public, rather than being confidentially shared only with the article’s authors. This includes publishing not only the reviewers’ comments but also the authors’ responses and editors’ recommendations.
  • Typically, this applies to articles accepted for publication, not those that are rejected. 
  1. Open Participation:
  • In open peer review, self-selected reviewers (beyond invited experts) can comment on an article. The assumption is that the article’s content is openly accessible.
  • These self-selected reviewers may contribute either brief comments or comprehensive reviews.
  • The text of the article is openly available, allowing broader community participation in the review process.

The adoption of open peer review aims to enhance transparency, provide incentives, reduce wastefulness, and address issues like bullying and harassment in scholarly communication.

What are the benefits of Open Peer Review?

Open peer review (OPR) is a transparent process that allows scholarly articles to be evaluated by experts in the field, while also revealing the identities of both authors and reviewers. OPR can improve the quality of research by:

  • Encouraging constructive feedback: Openness in the identities of authors and reviewers can lead to better quality feedback rather than simply rejecting the paper.
  • Reducing bias: Everything is openly available to all, which can reduce the possibility of bias.
  • Empowering authors: Authors can lead the process by suggesting reviewers themselves.
  • Improving accountability: The quality of current scientific publications is at stake.
  • Encouraging collaboration: OPR encourages collaboration and promotes diversity of perspectives, ultimately leading to more robust and credible research outcomes.
  • Providing learning opportunities: OPR places a research work in the context of a discussion, and gives authors, readers and others a chance to better understand the process from the initial manuscript submission to final published version.
  • Exposing possible conflicts of interest: OPR may help to expose possible conflicts of interest in some cases.

Adoption of OPR by publishers (Wolfram etal., 2020) [1]

 A summary of the most prolific publishers contributing to OPR and their headquarters country appears below. Although many journals today attract an international audience and are managed by international teams of researchers, the prevalence of OPR journals associated with publishers based in Europe stands out. Twenty-four of the 38 (63.2%) identified publishers are based in Europe and account for 445 out of the 617 titles (72.1%). Although the publishers are based in Europe, many of the journals they publish may support journals originating from other areas of the world (e.g., Kowsar). Furthermore, 500 of the OPR journals (81.0%) are published by only five publishers (MDPI, SDI, BioMed Central, Frontiers Media S.A., Kowsar). This points to the important role that publishers have played to date in the promotion of OPR (Wolfram etal., 2020) [1].


Publisher OPR journals Percentage of OPR journals (%) Headquarters location
MDPI 204 33.0 Switzerland
SDI 111 18.0 India
BioMed central 70 11.3 United Kingdom
Frontiers media S.A 64 10.4 Switzerland
Kowsar 51 8.3 The Netherlands
Wiley 40 6.5 USA
Copernicus publications 21 3.4 Germany
PLOS 7 1.1 USA
Elsevier 7 1.1 The Netherlands
EMBO press 5 0.8 Germany
Other publishers 37 6.0 11 countries*
Total 617 100.0
  1. *United Kingdom (19 journals), United States (9), Argentina (1), Bulgaria (1), Canada (1), France (1), Germany (1), Ireland (1), Kenya (1), The Netherlands (1), Switzerland (1)


Recent Biggest Discoveries and advances in medical research (2024)

  • CRISPR Gene Editing: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the world’s first CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing therapy called Casgevy. This treatment targets sickle cell disease by helping patients produce healthy hemoglobin [2].
  • Alzheimer’s Treatment: The Alzheimer’s drug lecanemab (brand name Leqembi) won full FDA approval. This drug removes the amyloid plaques that build up in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s. In a clinical trial, lecanemab slowed cognitive decline by about 30 percent over 18 months compared with a placebo [2].
  • Gene Therapy for Muscular Dystrophy: The FDA approved the first gene therapy for children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This therapy helps the body produce a version of the missing protein [2].
  • RSV Vaccines: The FDA approved the first RSV vaccine, called Arexvy, for adults age 60 and older. In August, a vaccine for pregnant people, called Abrysvo, was approved [2].
  • Artificial Cells: Researchers have created artificial cells that act like living cells. They manipulated DNA and proteins to create cells that look and act like cells from the body [3].
  • Working Memory: Investigators have discovered how brain cells responsible for working memory coordinate intentional focus and short-term storage [3].
  • Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Over a ten-year period, biobank participants who met recommended levels of physical activity had a 23% lower risk of cardiovascular disease [3].

These advancements represent significant progress in the field of medical research.



  1. Wolfram, D., Wang, P., Hembree, A. et al. Open peer review: promoting transparency in open science. Scientometrics 125, 1033–1051 (2020).
  2. Here are some of the biggest medical advances in 2023 – Science News.
  3. Xingyu Ding, Sean Froudist-Walsh, Jorge Jaramillo, Junjie Jiang and Xiao-Jing Wang (2024) Cell type-specific connectome predicts distributed working memory activity in the mouse brain eLife 13:e85442.


Last update: 02-May-2024

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